What Are the Different LCD Monitor Panel Types? | One PC Panda

LCD Panel Types

Different monitor panels are categorized based on the construction of the monitor’s display and the underlying technology used to generate that image. There are four general categories of LCD panels: In-Plane Switching (IPS), Twisted Nematic (TN), Vertical Alignment (VA), and Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED). Each category has its own unique properties that you may or may not care about when choosing a new monitor, so let’s dive in and see what they are!

IPS Panels

In-Plane Switching (IPS) is a type of LCD display that’s used in televisions and computer monitors. These displays use flat panels, like what you see on your television, but instead of Liquid Crystal Diodes (LCDs), they use Indium Phosphide (InP) semiconductors. They provide wider viewing angles, higher color gamut, better contrast ratios and faster response times than their TN cousins -all at a fraction of their cost. However, IPS screens can be susceptible to light bleed and are not currently suitable for outdoor use. All current iMacs come with IPS screens as standard.

TN Panels

The Twisted Nematic (TN) and Vertical Alignment (VA) technologies were once synonymous with LCD monitors, but they have since been eclipsed by superior alternatives. While TN panels still represent a large portion of sales, they can't match their more modern competitors when it comes to overall picture quality. TN panels still offer fast pixel response times which make them well-suited for gamers and enthusiasts looking for higher refresh rates. In addition, TN panels are much cheaper than IPS or VA offerings.

VA Panels

VA (Vertical Alignment) panels are one of two mainstream flat-panel technologies that utilize pixel alignment to improve image quality. They're typically used in mid-range displays and offer wider viewing angles than their IPS counterparts. However, they often suffer from slower response times, especially when compared to modern TN and IPS displays. Contrast ratios for VA panels range from 1,000:1 to 25,000:1 or greater depending on color depth and backlighting type.

OLED Panels

OLED stands for organic light-emitting diode, which means these screens produce their own light source. OLED screens have an array of pixels that can be individually turned on or off. Because they don’t require a backlight like most LCDs, they are thinner and lighter than other technologies. This allows manufacturers to build very thin displays with virtually no bezel (the border around a screen) and slim panels ideal for large TVs and multi-monitor setups. OLED is known for being brighter than most displays, allowing it to showcase vibrant colors at extreme contrast levels. Because of its performance characteristics and flexibility in terms of display shape (most panels can be curved), OLED has been tipped as one of many candidates that could replace LEDs in lighting applications.

Conclusion

Choosing an LCD monitor is a daunting task, especially when you consider all of the options. The best way to get started is to decide what’s most important for your computer usage: screen size, resolution, color accuracy or response time. Once you’ve figured that out, it should be much easier to choose a model with features and performance that match your requirements. You can also check out our top picks if you don’t want to wade through all of those choices.

Comments

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